Sudan is a country in northeastern Africa. It is the largest in the African continent and the Arab World, and tenth largest in the world by area. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the southeast, Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The country's name derives from "Sudd", which refers to a vast expanse of floating water plants or swamps. The earliest mention of the word "Sudd" in reference to modern Sudan appear in the writings of Seneca, who recorded an expedition sent by the Roman Emperor Nero to central Sudan in the first century A.D. Later in history, Arab writers, unaware of the origin of the word "Sudan", interpreted the term as being derived from the Arabic word "Soud", meaning "Blacks".
The people of Sudan have a long history extending from antiquity, which is intertwined with the history of Egypt, with which it was united politically over several periods. Sudan's history has also been plagued by civil war stemming from ethnic, religious, and economic conflict between the mostly Muslim and Arab population to the north, and non-Arab Black Africans to the south. Sudan is currently ranked as the second-most unstable country in the world according to the Failed States Index, due to its military dictatorship and the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Darfur. However, despite its internal conflicts, Sudan has managed to achieve economic growth.
Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972, but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than 2 million deaths and over 4 million people displaced over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords; a final Naivasha peace treaty of January 2005 granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years, after which a referendum for independence is scheduled to be held. A separate conflict that broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003 resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and over 1 million displaced, but by early 2005, peackeeping troops had stabilized the situation.
The Norwich teacher helping refugees take control of their new lives
In a typical class she has students from Eritrea, Sudan ... with learning English as soon as possible in an appropriate level class. For lower ability classes, she prefers teaching face-to ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 13 Jul 2022 12:30:00 GMT
?I am encouraged when I see strong faith in the face of rampant evil and great distress?
They were loving, and nurtured us all in the Christian faith, for which I am very thankful. How and when did you come to faith? I cannot remember a time when I did not believe in God, but as a child I ...
Publ.Date : Fri, 29 Jul 2022 16:00:00 GMT
10-day course to train youth for job interviews
Aspirants, being trained under ?Mission Sunehri?, will appear in the work placement camp to be held on August 16.
Publ.Date : Wed, 03 Aug 2022 20:02:00 GMT
About the ?Hausa? people of Sudan
By: Trayo A. AliWhen the name ?Hausa? came up in the midst of the recently erupted communal conflict in the Damazeen town of the Blue Nile region in Sudan, there were two fundamental issues raised.
Publ.Date : Fri, 05 Aug 2022 17:00:00 GMT
Strengthening Sudan?S Fragile Peace: A Resident Coordinator Blog
The killing of protestors by security services during large-scale demonstrations in Sudan's capital Khartoum in June underscores the ongoing political tensions in the country. Against this ...
Publ.Date : Sat, 23 Jul 2022 05:41:00 GMT
Ensuring research participants\' voices are heard with effective data collection
Research led by IET is exploring how marginalised children, their parents and teachers, use technology to access education. Dr Saraswati Dawadi discusses how effective data collection can uncover ...
Publ.Date : Mon, 01 Aug 2022 09:27:00 GMT
India, Sudan To Strengthen Trade, Economic Linkages
Union Minister of State for Commerce and Industry Anupriya Patel on Wednesday met Amal Salih Saad Mohamed, Sudan's Minister of Trade and Supply, to review the issues related to trade and ...
Publ.Date : Thu, 21 Jul 2022 21:15:00 GMT
Sudan: Steps Taken Towards a New, More Independent Sudanese Journalist Syndicate
"Despite Sudan's military coup ... such as engineers', doctors', and teachers' unions, and a representative of the International Labour Organisation (ILO). The Preparatory Committee for the ...
Publ.Date : Tue, 26 Jul 2022 07:22:00 GMT
British Council to shut offices in Europe and beyond amid financial crisis
LONDON ? The British Council, the U.K.?s main cultural and diplomatic institution abroad, is facing substantial job cuts and office closures, including in Belgium and the U.S., after income from ...
Publ.Date : Mon, 25 Jul 2022 12:36:00 GMT
Sudan: RSF Assault Civilians in Sudan\'s North Kordofan
The paramilitary force has always been commanded by Mohamed Hamdan 'Hemeti' Dagalo, who was sworn in as deputy president of Sudan's Sovereign ... taken to the Zalingei Teaching Hospital.
Publ.Date : Tue, 26 Jul 2022 07:22:00 GMT
China\'s ?blue helmets? on frontlines of safeguarding world peace, stability with firm commitment over decades
Secretary-General of United Nations Mission in South Sudan and head of Department of ... "We specially went to the villages around the camp to teach local women self-defense techniques to help ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 20 Jul 2022 14:07:00 GMT