Sudan is a country in northeastern Africa. It is the largest in the African continent and the Arab World, and tenth largest in the world by area. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the southeast, Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The country's name derives from "Sudd", which refers to a vast expanse of floating water plants or swamps. The earliest mention of the word "Sudd" in reference to modern Sudan appear in the writings of Seneca, who recorded an expedition sent by the Roman Emperor Nero to central Sudan in the first century A.D. Later in history, Arab writers, unaware of the origin of the word "Sudan", interpreted the term as being derived from the Arabic word "Soud", meaning "Blacks".
The people of Sudan have a long history extending from antiquity, which is intertwined with the history of Egypt, with which it was united politically over several periods. Sudan's history has also been plagued by civil war stemming from ethnic, religious, and economic conflict between the mostly Muslim and Arab population to the north, and non-Arab Black Africans to the south. Sudan is currently ranked as the second-most unstable country in the world according to the Failed States Index, due to its military dictatorship and the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Darfur. However, despite its internal conflicts, Sudan has managed to achieve economic growth.
Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972, but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than 2 million deaths and over 4 million people displaced over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords; a final Naivasha peace treaty of January 2005 granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years, after which a referendum for independence is scheduled to be held. A separate conflict that broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003 resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and over 1 million displaced, but by early 2005, peackeeping troops had stabilized the situation.
From Louisville to Lodwar: A teacher recounts an Xaverian Brothers summer in Kenya
My time in Turkana affirmed how similar the students are in Kenya and at Saint Xavier High even though they experience life on opposite continents.
Publ.Date : Fri, 24 Sep 2021 13:28:57 GMT
Education, equipment and empowerment: Supporting refugees in Sudan
Conflict, civil unrest, and economic crises in South Sudan have caused almost 800,000 ... where the curriculum is taught in English. ?I make use of the two languages so that I do not face ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 08 Sep 2021 04:23:00 GMT
BMK: The shrewd businessman who thrived against all odds
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Publ.Date : Sun, 12 Sep 2021 04:05:00 GMT
Interview with children\'s rights activist and fearless journalist Inaam El Tayeb: \'We were attacked and criminalised by those who rejected our ideas\'
For Radio Dabanga?s Inspirational Women Series*, we spoke with children?s rights activist Inaam El Tayeb about her activism, her journalism career, government censorship, and defending children?s ...
Publ.Date : Fri, 17 Sep 2021 01:42:00 GMT
Egypt and the Struggle for Power in Sudan
To register your interest please contact firstname.lastname@example.org providing details of the course you are teaching. For decades ... Many Egyptians regarded Sudan as an integral part of their ...
Publ.Date : Sat, 11 Sep 2021 22:29:00 GMT
Women leaders and peacekeepers brief UN Peace Chief on challenges of working for peace in South Sudan
Women and girls suffered huge harm during the civil war in South Sudan. Many were killed or injured. They lost their children and husbands, their homes, and access to education and jobs. They ...
Publ.Date : Tue, 14 Sep 2021 06:41:00 GMT
Coronavirus: South Sudan receives its first consignment of Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccines through the COVAX Facility
South Sudan received its first consignment of 152,950 doses of the Johnson & Johnson ?Janssen? COVID-19 vaccines today. These single dose Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccines are the third batch of ...
Publ.Date : Tue, 14 Sep 2021 06:01:00 GMT
British Council to shut offices in Europe and beyond amid financial crisis
Cultural and diplomatic institution to close offices in 11 countries from Belgium to the United States. LONDON ? The British Council, the U.K.?s main cultural and diplomatic institution abroad, is ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 08 Sep 2021 19:34:00 GMT
West Darfur still needs humanitarian help
Humanitarian aid is being rolled back, but people there still do not have access to adequate healthcare and sanitation.
Publ.Date : Tue, 21 Sep 2021 04:44:00 GMT
South Sudan: Country?s first oxygen plant comes on stream at Juba hospital to help fight Covid-19
South Sudan has begun producing oxygen following the successful installation of the country?s first oxygen plant at Juba Teaching Hospital, set up with funding from the African Development Fund.
Publ.Date : Wed, 01 Sep 2021 20:23:00 GMT
Kenya/South Sudan: 11-0! Vihiga Queens Teach Yei Football Lesson One By One
Kenya's Vihiga Queens outclassed Yei Joint Stars of South Sudan 11-0 in their second Council of East and Central Africa Football Association (Cecafa) Women's Club Championship match at Moi ...
Publ.Date : Tue, 31 Aug 2021 17:00:00 GMT