Sudan is a country in northeastern Africa. It is the largest in the African continent and the Arab World, and tenth largest in the world by area. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the southeast, Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The country's name derives from "Sudd", which refers to a vast expanse of floating water plants or swamps. The earliest mention of the word "Sudd" in reference to modern Sudan appear in the writings of Seneca, who recorded an expedition sent by the Roman Emperor Nero to central Sudan in the first century A.D. Later in history, Arab writers, unaware of the origin of the word "Sudan", interpreted the term as being derived from the Arabic word "Soud", meaning "Blacks".
The people of Sudan have a long history extending from antiquity, which is intertwined with the history of Egypt, with which it was united politically over several periods. Sudan's history has also been plagued by civil war stemming from ethnic, religious, and economic conflict between the mostly Muslim and Arab population to the north, and non-Arab Black Africans to the south. Sudan is currently ranked as the second-most unstable country in the world according to the Failed States Index, due to its military dictatorship and the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Darfur. However, despite its internal conflicts, Sudan has managed to achieve economic growth.
Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972, but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than 2 million deaths and over 4 million people displaced over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords; a final Naivasha peace treaty of January 2005 granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years, after which a referendum for independence is scheduled to be held. A separate conflict that broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003 resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and over 1 million displaced, but by early 2005, peackeeping troops had stabilized the situation.
Reading Nubian: Books for a new generation discovering their language
Inspired by their own journey of personal discovery, a group of Nubian writers and artists are creating resources to help children learn their ancient written and spoken language ...
Publ.Date : Tue, 20 Jul 2021 02:16:00 GMT
How the pope inspired South Sudan\'s unity government
Pope Francis bends to kiss the feet of the South Sudan President Salva Kiir Mayardit alongside other leaders gathered by him for the peace initiative, at the Vatican, April 11. (Photo by ...
Publ.Date : Sun, 11 Jul 2021 15:00:00 GMT
A Visit Inside Pittsburgh?s Spiritual Village
In Pittsburgh, congregations of African immigrants are using worship to re-generate the kinship, identity, family life and culture found in their home countries.
Publ.Date : Fri, 16 Jul 2021 12:20:00 GMT
Why only Kiir?s lies are honey and others? lies are bitter?
Kiir lied that his office is opened 24/24 the SPLM members and concerned citizens wanted to express their views to him but currently just go and visit Kiir?s office and talk about his seat or election ...
Publ.Date : Sun, 11 Jul 2021 14:15:00 GMT
South Sudan?s difficult decade
Some of the reasons these soldiers took up arms again were the gradual abrogation of the 1972 agreement, the imposition of Islamic sharia law, and the change to Arabic instead of English language as a ...
Publ.Date : Thu, 08 Jul 2021 17:00:00 GMT
Schools Closed due to Another Armed Conflict: Students? and Teachers? Reflections
I am the only teacher. Since my family is poor, I have not been able to go to university, but I?m hoping that someday I can study in the capital Khartoum. I want to change Sudan?s education ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 23 Jun 2021 17:19:00 GMT
South Sudan: Dashed hopes after 10 years of independence
South Sudan's 10 years as an independent country have been marked by pervasive insecurity, a catastrophic humanitarian crisis and endemic corruption. South Sudan split from Sudan in 2011 The ...
Publ.Date : Thu, 08 Jul 2021 02:43:00 GMT
South Sudan: 10 Years After South Sudan\'s Independence, More Children in Need of Urgent Humanitarian Assistance Than Ever Before
A record 4.5 million children - two out of three - in South Sudan are in desperate need of humanitarian support, UNICEF warned today, ahead of the 10th anniversary of the country's independence.
Publ.Date : Tue, 06 Jul 2021 08:36:00 GMT
Opinion: We\'ve been teaching about the Holocaust all wrong. Here\'s how we\'re going to change that
Since the Holocaust, we have failed in Cambodia, in Rwanda, in the Sudan, and now we are failing ... Opinion: We've been teaching about the Holocaust all wrong. Here's how we're going to change ...
Publ.Date : Fri, 09 Jul 2021 02:49:00 GMT
IMF grants $2.5 billion loan and debt relief to Sudan
The IMF has praised Sudan's progress in paying off its debt The International Monetary Fund (IMF) on Tuesday granted Sudan a $2.5 billion (?2.1 billion) loan, with the African nation also on ...
Publ.Date : Tue, 29 Jun 2021 20:11:00 GMT
South Sudan\'s Health Care Remains Inadequate, Officials Say
FILE - A pregnant woman lies on a bed in the maternity ward of the Juba Teaching Hospital, in the capital Juba, South Sudan, March 11, 2019. Joseph Gama, of Health Link South Sudan, a humanitarian ...
Publ.Date : Mon, 05 Jul 2021 18:17:00 GMT
Thousands of Sudanese demonstrate against subsidy removal
?Police fired tear gas against us outside the Khartoum teaching hospital and not far ... subsidies in line with the IMF-monitored reforms. Sudan, a country with one of the highest inflation ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 30 Jun 2021 06:12:00 GMT