Sudan is a country in northeastern Africa. It is the largest in the African continent and the Arab World, and tenth largest in the world by area. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the southeast, Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The country's name derives from "Sudd", which refers to a vast expanse of floating water plants or swamps. The earliest mention of the word "Sudd" in reference to modern Sudan appear in the writings of Seneca, who recorded an expedition sent by the Roman Emperor Nero to central Sudan in the first century A.D. Later in history, Arab writers, unaware of the origin of the word "Sudan", interpreted the term as being derived from the Arabic word "Soud", meaning "Blacks".
The people of Sudan have a long history extending from antiquity, which is intertwined with the history of Egypt, with which it was united politically over several periods. Sudan's history has also been plagued by civil war stemming from ethnic, religious, and economic conflict between the mostly Muslim and Arab population to the north, and non-Arab Black Africans to the south. Sudan is currently ranked as the second-most unstable country in the world according to the Failed States Index, due to its military dictatorship and the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Darfur. However, despite its internal conflicts, Sudan has managed to achieve economic growth.
Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972, but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than 2 million deaths and over 4 million people displaced over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords; a final Naivasha peace treaty of January 2005 granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years, after which a referendum for independence is scheduled to be held. A separate conflict that broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003 resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and over 1 million displaced, but by early 2005, peackeeping troops had stabilized the situation.
2021 Summer Fellowships: UD Students Experience Teaching With African Refugee Development Center
Four UD students spent their summer teaching refugees in Africa in partnership with the African Refugee Development Center. The students share their experience and insight into the opportunity.
Publ.Date : Mon, 18 Oct 2021 18:50:00 GMT
Feature: South Sudan\'s school learners grapple with upheavals of floods
Several school-going learners in South Sudan's Jonglei state continue to grapple with the upheavals of floods as the magnitude of the disaster unfolds for the two consecutive years. The government ...
Publ.Date : Mon, 18 Oct 2021 08:01:00 GMT
Our Town Lexington: English Learning
Central Community College is improving the lives of some Lexington residents through adult education and English language learning.
Publ.Date : Thu, 07 Oct 2021 08:25:00 GMT
?A different learning experience? at Bow High School
They may not have graduated high school yet, but 24 students temporarily became top diplomats from three nations and two intergovernmental organizations on Friday, debating, orating and ...
Publ.Date : Sat, 16 Oct 2021 10:01:00 GMT
South Sudan: If We Truly Want Young People to be Peacemakers, Agents of Positive Change, Then Attacks on Education Must Stop
I come from the village of Homiri in Chukudum county, South Sudan, where most of the population ... combines traditional subjects like Math and English with civic education such an conflict ...
Publ.Date : Mon, 27 Sep 2021 05:30:00 GMT
Refugee students struggle with displacement and trauma. Here are 3 ways schools can help them belong
A recently published book provides strategies for schools to help young people dealing with trauma and forced migration to integrate into their new communities.
Publ.Date : Tue, 12 Oct 2021 12:13:00 GMT
OMS fundraiser to help nonprofit
That is why Alana and her seventh-grade classmates at Owensboro Middle School are participating in a fundraiser to help Water for South Sudan, a nonprofit organization. Students are hosting a coin ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 13 Oct 2021 22:15:00 GMT
From Louisville to Lodwar: A teacher recounts an Xaverian Brothers summer in Kenya
I am a teacher by profession recently returned from Lodwar, a town in Turkana County in the northwestern part of Kenya bordering Ethiopia, Uganda and South Sudan. I have spent the summer teaching ...
Publ.Date : Fri, 24 Sep 2021 19:44:00 GMT
Hamdouk congratulates teachers on World Teaches? Day
Prime Minister Dr. Abdalla Hamdouk has congratulated teachers on the occasion of World Teachers? Day, and singled out the teachers of Sudan by congratulating them on the work they offered for the ...
Publ.Date : Tue, 05 Oct 2021 17:00:00 GMT
South Sudan Lawmaker Demands Press Curb Reporting on Parliament
Paul Youane Bonju says media licenses could be revoked if reporters don't follow what he termed proper procedures when covering parliament ...
Publ.Date : Tue, 05 Oct 2021 13:52:00 GMT
Sudan, SPLM-N Hilu to resume peace talks in Juba: mediator
Peace talks between the Sudanese government and the non-signatory armed groups will resume in South Sudan's capital Juba in the coming days, said the chief mediator. ?Consultations between and within ...
Publ.Date : Tue, 05 Oct 2021 17:00:00 GMT