Sudan is a country in northeastern Africa. It is the largest in the African continent and the Arab World, and tenth largest in the world by area. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the southeast, Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The country's name derives from "Sudd", which refers to a vast expanse of floating water plants or swamps. The earliest mention of the word "Sudd" in reference to modern Sudan appear in the writings of Seneca, who recorded an expedition sent by the Roman Emperor Nero to central Sudan in the first century A.D. Later in history, Arab writers, unaware of the origin of the word "Sudan", interpreted the term as being derived from the Arabic word "Soud", meaning "Blacks".
The people of Sudan have a long history extending from antiquity, which is intertwined with the history of Egypt, with which it was united politically over several periods. Sudan's history has also been plagued by civil war stemming from ethnic, religious, and economic conflict between the mostly Muslim and Arab population to the north, and non-Arab Black Africans to the south. Sudan is currently ranked as the second-most unstable country in the world according to the Failed States Index, due to its military dictatorship and the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Darfur. However, despite its internal conflicts, Sudan has managed to achieve economic growth.
Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972, but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than 2 million deaths and over 4 million people displaced over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords; a final Naivasha peace treaty of January 2005 granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years, after which a referendum for independence is scheduled to be held. A separate conflict that broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003 resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and over 1 million displaced, but by early 2005, peackeeping troops had stabilized the situation.
Father Shuns Pride, Enrols in His 8-Year-Old Son?s Primary School To Learn Better, Headteacher Speaks
A south Sudanese man has joined his son in Grade Three at a school in Eldoret Uasin Gishu county, saying he only wants to learn languages to better his life.
Publ.Date : Thu, 16 Jun 2022 07:42:00 GMT
South Sudanese Father Joins Same Primary School as His 8-Year-Old Son in Eldoret
A south Sudanese man has joined his son in Grade Three at a school in Eldoret Uasin Gishu county saying he only wants to learn languages to better his life.
Publ.Date : Tue, 21 Jun 2022 09:40:00 GMT
How teaching English classes has taught me to live with dignity, tenacity and courage
I don't know the back stories of many of the adult English-learners from around the world who regularly attend my class. But every interaction increases my understanding of and respect for each of ...
Publ.Date : Mon, 20 Jun 2022 13:30:00 GMT
South Sudan fights child marriage where girls sold for cows
Some young girls are still auctioned off into marriage for cows in South Sudan ? one of the social challenges that activists had hoped to highlight during Pope Francis? ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 22 Jun 2022 00:12:00 GMT
Rochester family helps build school in South Sudan
maybe it's us," said Lourdes High School English teacher Brenda Deick. Brenda and her husband, Steve Deick, a teacher and a Mayo Clinic engineer, traveled to South Sudan for three months from ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 08 Jun 2022 04:13:00 GMT
Bowls, friendship and a sense of belonging as asylum seekers are shown the crown green ropes
A group of asylum seekers and refugees were given a lesson in the quintessentially English sport of crown green bowls by some Merseyside pensioners this week. A group of around 30 students studying ...
Publ.Date : Sun, 26 Jun 2022 05:19:39 GMT
Toowoomba residents reflect this World Refugee Week
Mateship, courage, endurance and sacrifice have solidified the Australian legend, and now, those values are helping new Australians settle into their new homes.
Publ.Date : Fri, 24 Jun 2022 11:48:00 GMT
At least 27 killed in Sudan ethnic clashes: witnesses
Heavy fighting in Sudan's west and south has killed at least 27 people and left dozens wounded, residents said Tuesday, with the United Nations envoy saying he was "deeply concerned." In separate ...
Publ.Date : Tue, 07 Jun 2022 16:03:00 GMT
Sudan?s top general lifts state of emergency from coup
CAIRO (AP) ? Sudan?s leading general lifted a state of emergency Sunday that was imposed in the country following the October coup he led. The decision by Gen. Abdel-Fattah Burhan, head of ...
Publ.Date : Sun, 29 May 2022 19:37:00 GMT
Sudan\'s military leader lifts state of emergency
Security forces are accused of killing two protesters over the weekend. Sudan on Sunday lifted the state of emergency that the military imposed after seizing control in a coup last October.
Publ.Date : Sun, 29 May 2022 12:45:00 GMT
Young women\'s memoirs of migration, dispossession and Australian \'unbelonging\' demand to be heard
Akuch Kuol Anyieth was born into a world of violence. Her memoir begins at the age of five, when she fled with her mother and her three siblings from civil war in South Sudan to a refugee camp in ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 22 Jun 2022 13:39:00 GMT