The Pacific Coast of Nicaragua was settled as a Spanish colony from Panama in the early 16th century. Independence from Spain was declared in 1821 and the country became an independent republic in 1838. Britain occupied the Caribbean Coast in the first half of the 19th century, but gradually ceded control of the regi n in subsequent decades. Violent opposition to governmental manipulation and corruption spread to all classes by 1978 and resulted in a short-lived civil war that brought the Marxist Sandinista guerrillas to power in 1979. Nicaraguan aid to leftist rebels in El Salvador caused the US to sponsor anti-Sandinista contra guerrillas through much of the 1980s. Free elections in 1990, 1996, and again in 2001 saw the Sandinistas defeated. The country has slowly rebuilt its economy during the 1990s, but was hard hit by Hurricane Mitch in 1998.
Nicaragua (Spanish: Republica de Nicaragua, IPA is a democratic republic in Central America. It is the largest nation in the isthmus, but also the least densely populated with a demographic similar in size to its smaller neighbours. The country is bordered on the north by Honduras and on the south by Costa Rica. Its western coastline is on the Pacific Ocean, while the east side of the country is on the Caribbean Sea. Nicaragua is one of three countries in the world where abortion is illegal with no exceptions, along with El Salvador and Chile.
The country's name is derived from Nicarao, the name of the Nahuatl-speaking tribe which inhabited the shores of Lago de Nicaragua before the Spanish conquest of the Americas, and the Spanish word Agua, meaning water, due to the presence of the large lakes Lago de Nicaragua (Cocibolca) and Lago de Managua (Xolotlan), as well as lagoons and rivers in the region. At the time of the Spanish conquest, Nicaragua was the name given to the narrow strip of land between Lake Nicaragua and the Pacific Ocean. Chief Nicarao ruled over that land when the first conquerors arrived. The term was eventually applied, by extension, to the group that inhabited that region: the Nicaraos or Niquiranos.
The Nicarao tribe migrated to the area from northern regions after the fall of Teotihuacan, on the advice of their religious leaders. According to tradition, they were to travel south until they encountered a lake with two volcanoes rising out of the waters, and so they stopped when they reached Ometepe, the largest fresh-water volcanic island in the world.
Student hopes to be an advocate for English-language learners
As a teacher, Matti Colavolpe `22, MAT `23 hopes to be an advocate for all students?especially English-language learners. She opposes when such students are labeled ?behind? simply because they aren?t ...
Publ.Date : Thu, 22 Jul 2021 07:40:00 GMT
And yet we signed: Behind the letter to the president of Nicaragua
Hundreds who spent the 1980s doing Sandinista solidarity work are now condemning Daniel Ortega's new wave of political repression. Here's why.
Publ.Date : Thu, 15 Jul 2021 17:57:00 GMT
Europeans with Ties to Nicaragua Speak Out
Hundreds of European activists from the 1980s issue a statement regarding the alarming and sad events taking place in Nicaragua ...
Publ.Date : Sat, 17 Jul 2021 08:25:00 GMT
Teachers under surveillance, dismissed and harassed denounce political pressures from the Ministry of Education
More 140 teachers have been fired since 2018; some have gone into exile in the face of the harassment: ?I didn?t have a life there,? said one teacher ...
Publ.Date : Fri, 09 Jul 2021 15:23:00 GMT
Latinx Files: What is happening in Nicaragua?
For the last month, police in Nicaragua have been rounding up and ... and now I keep an updated list of my favorite words in English on my phone. Sitting alone with my thoughts during the pandemic ...
Publ.Date : Thu, 01 Jul 2021 15:06:00 GMT
Washington, Somoza and the Sandinistas
To register your interest please contact firstname.lastname@example.org providing details of the course you are teaching. This study of US policy toward Nicaragua during the Nixon, Ford, and Carter ...
Publ.Date : Fri, 16 Jul 2021 11:36:00 GMT
Nicaragua\'s under-fire Ortega seeking fourth term in a row: ally
Nicaragua's long-term leader Daniel Ortega, under fire internationally over the detention of opposition figures ahead of November elections, will seek a fourth consecutive presidential term, a ...
Publ.Date : Mon, 19 Jul 2021 13:44:00 GMT
Nicaraguan President Ortega eyes dictatorship
Police officers stormed inside, took Miguel Mora and locked him up. He runs Nicaragua's opposition news platform 100% Noticias. His work landed him in jail in 2018. Now, he is running in the ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 30 Jun 2021 14:03:00 GMT
Board Officers And Members Announced For GAIA Nonprofit And Signature Initiative Gandhi Global Center For Peace
He has spoken globally in Croatia, France, Ireland, Holland, Lithuania, Nicaragua, China ... Adventist University where she double-majored in English and Journalism and she has also completed ...
Publ.Date : Sun, 27 Jun 2021 17:00:00 GMT
Florida governor signs anti-socialist education bills, requiring students and professors to register political views
DeSantis? denounced governments in countries such as Cuba and Nicaragua ... The laws will mandate that state universities teach similar chauvinistic and anti-communist courses, with college ...
Publ.Date : Fri, 25 Jun 2021 17:24:00 GMT
China rejects US criticism on human trafficking
Others included Malaysia, Russia and Nicaragua. ``We firmly oppose the U.S. unfounded accusations against China based on lies and rumors,'' Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin said.
Publ.Date : Fri, 02 Jul 2021 14:08:00 GMT
Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish celebrates 25 years in Sioux Falls
It offers masses in both Spanish and English. Through the church?s ups ... that?s Mexico or El Salvador or Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua or Puerto Rico, for each person who comes, it feels ...
Publ.Date : Sun, 27 Jun 2021 15:35:00 GMT